The Guitar from Ms. Bakhshayesh’s Point of View
The word ‘guitar’ in English, is ‘gitarre’ in German, and ‘guitare’ in French are all words derived from the word ‘guitiarra’ in Spanish, which is in turn is derived from the word ‘kithar’ in the Andalusian Arabic dialect. It is also a derivative of the Latin word ‘cithara’, which refers to the word ‘κιθάρα’ (‘kithara’) in ancient Greek. This Greek word comes directly or indirectly from the ancient Persian word ‘sitar’ (meaning tri- tar or three chords).There are different versions of the history of the guitar; some believe that the guitar originated from Egypt, and others believe it was derived from the Greek-Assyrian ‘sitara’ (Greek Assyrienne cithare) brought to Spain by the Romans.
The guitar is the result of the evolution and spreading of the lute instrument in Europe. The ‘lute’ is also actually a self-evolving oud (in Arabic al-ud = wood) and the ‘barbaat’ lute. It is said thata certain Zaryab brought the ‘lute’ to Andalusia, and since then the instrument became popular in Spain and then spread throughout Asia.
A certain Zaryab Darabgardi and several of his disciples brought this instrument to Andalusia during the reign of Islam in Spain. At that time, it this instrument was called a ‘guitar’, a ‘guitara’ or a ‘ghuitara’, and its current name is derived from that name. In fact, the existence of suffix ‘tar’ in the word guitar, with the meaning of chord or string in Persian, confirms that the guitar may actually be an Iranian instrument.