The ‘Cajón’ from Ms. Bakhshayesh’s Point of View
The ‘Cajón’ (Spanish: [kaˈxon]; ‘box’, ‘crate’ or ‘drawer’) is a box-shaped percussion instrument which is relatively contemporary and hence, whose history is short.
Spanish gypsies initially began using this instrument, which consisted of an empty box for fruits on which a rhythm was played, and along the guitar, accompanied their dancing and singing, hence becoming an integral part of flamenco music, and eventually an actual musical instrument.The ‘Cajón’ was used by Afro-Peruvians (Peruvian Africans) from the late 18th century. The West and Central African slaves who were brought to the American continent are the principal heirs of the ‘Cajón’.
The ‘Cajón’ is currently popular throughout the Americas, Philippines and Spain, and was developed during the period of slavery in Peru, reaching its peak in popularity in 1850.
In the late 19th century, ‘Cajón’ musicians made changes to the structure and sound of the instrument. After the era of slavery, the ‘Cajón’ became popular among other Latin American residents, including the next generations of white European colonialists.